The study of URBAN HEAT ISLANDS
implicates two of the most serious
environmental issues of the twentieth century:
POPULATION GROWTH and CLIMATE CHANGE.
(Stewart and Oke)
INKEK was founded in 2013 to combine the demands for climate change mitigation and adaption. The private institute is a spin-off from the university of Kassel. Its main activity is to support and consult cities and municipalities in all fields of urban climate and energy use.
Apart from microclimatic analyses the institute prepared several Urban Climate Maps for cities like Frankfurt/Main, Kassel and Erfurt in Germany. Since founded there was an international project in Kunshan/China with the main research aspect of the ventilation pattern and the associated requirement of an improved air quality.
Apart from providing qualitative consulting, INKEK offers various kinds of computer-assisted procedures for analysing, modelling and simulating the urban climate. For the preparation of Urban Climate Maps, a modular GIS (Geographic Information System) was developed to map the whole city. It is possible to also investigate the future influence of climate change. Part of the modular GIS is KLAM_21, a 2-dimensional, mathematical-physical simulation model for calculating cold air flows in orographically structured terrain. It is used in urban and regional planning and facility siting.
For all questions relating to the micro scale or the neighbourhood level, e.g. examining the climatic effect of trees in a street canyon or new buildings in a development area, the simulation system ENVI_MET is the first choice. This holistic three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model can simulate surface-plant-air interactions. It is not limited to, but very often used to simulate urban environments and to asses the effects of green architecture visions. It is designed for microscale assessments with a typical horizontal resolution and a typical period of hours. This resolution allows to analyse small-scale interactions between individual buildings, surfaces and plants.
Prof. Dr. Lutz Katzschner, katzschner[at]inkek.de
Dipl.-Ing. Sebastian Kupski, kupski[at]inkek.de
urban planning and urban climate
Dipl.-Ing. Wiebke Kirchhof, kirchhof[at]inkek.de
architect, building physics and energy consultant
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